Most pharmacies are unable to reuse and refill medication bottles for sanitary and purity reasons.
Prescription medication is heavily regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). therefore, certain guidelines have to be followed to in order to adhere to their standards of safety.
You may tell a pharmacy that the medicine bottle that you’d like to reuse is clean, but they have no specific way of knowing for sure and can be held liable for issues caused by cross contamination.
Prescription medication bottles are generally #5 plastic. Most larger recycling centers accept, and even bale, #5 plastics. The ideal solution would be to reuse medication bottles or take them back to the pharmacy for reuse by someone else. Secondary would be recycling them at your local recycling center.
If neither of these options is available, there are reuse options available for things other than as a medicine bottle.
For more information on recycling visit www.wasteawaygroup.com.